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Situated at a distance of approximately 100 km South-East of Patna, Pavapuri is a famous Jain Pilgrimage. It comes under Nalanda District and is only 35 km from another Jain spot, Rajgir. Lord Mahavir, the 24th and the last Tirthankara of Jainism spent his last days on this land. He was cremated here after his nirvana. The pious land is visited by Jains in large number.
Apawapuri, means "City of no Sins", as it was called some 2600 years back, was a part of Magadha Mahajanpada. King Ajatsatru was a great disciple of Lord Mahavir. After travelling throughout the nation, Lord Mahavira settled down here in his last days and at the age of 72 attained Nirvana. It is said that the place where he was cremated became so famous among his disciples that each wanted to take a pinch of the holy earth, as a result of which earth became hollow enough to form a large pond, which still exists today.
Pawapuri has many temples, out of which Jal Mandir is
the oldest and most sacred. This temple was built by
King Nandi Vardhan, who was the elder brother of
Mahavira, in 527 BC and was subsequently built
and renovated by many. The current temple is
a marvellous architecture built in white marbles.
It is situated in the middle of a pond called " Jal
Sarovar". A stone pathway of approx 600ft is
built in its Eastern side to connect it to land. The
length of the pond is 1451 ft and its width is 1223 ft.
It is the same place where the Lord Mahavira was
cremated. The main deity of the temple is Charan-paduka
of Lord Mahavira.
Another famous temple of Pavapuri is Samosharan temple, also built in white marble. It is the place from where Lord Mahavira used to deliver sermons. Another temple called Gaon Mandir is believed to be the place where Lord Mahavira took his last breath.
How to reach :
Pavapuri is easily reachable by road from Patna and Gaya. Pawapuri road is the nearest railway station which is stoppage of half a dozen train. Patna is the nearest big railways station. Patna airport is the nearest airport.
Where to stay :
There are couple of Dharmashala (Guest houses) in Pavapuri managed by trust. However, Ragjir is the nearest big town where State government tourist bunglows and hotels are available.
When to visit :
October to February is the best time to visit Pavapuri.
Nearby Places :
Rajgir is 35 km far which has 26 Jain temples, beside being a big pilgrimage for Buddhists and Hindus.
The ruins of Nalanda university are located 45 km from Pavapuri, 10 km from Rajgir.