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Sasaram is situated at a distance of 160 km from Patna. The place rose to fame when Sher Shah Suri, the son of Hasan Khan, the Jagirdar of Sasaram, become the ruler of India during 16th Century. The place is famous for the mausoleum (tomb) of Sher Shah, built in red sandstone during 1540-45 AD. The place is believed to be associated with the Ramayana period. The city also has a famous ancient temple. Kaimur fort also lies close to the place. Currently, Sasaram is the district headquarter of Rohtas district, situated at the border with Jharkhand.
The name of the city is believed to be originated from the influence of two people - Sahasrabahu and Parshuram, during the Ramayana period. However, the city rose to prominence when Sher Shah Suri, the Afghan King, who was born here defeated the Mughal emperor, Humayun in 1539 in the battle of Chausa and again in 1540 in the battle of Kannauj. He became the emperor and ruled a vast empire over northern India, part of modern Pakistan and Afghanistan for five years (1540-1545). He died in 1545 while conquering Kalinjar, however by that time he had built two things that had kept him name remembered - his Mausoleum at Sasaram and Grant Trunk Road (GT Road). The road runs from Calcutta to Peshawar (in Pakistan).
The five storey tomb, capped with massive dome is situated in the middle of 430 square meter artificial lake. A reflection of Lodhi monuments at Delhi, the 122 feet high structure is built in Indo-Islamic architecture using red sandstone. It has a span of 22 meter. The main tomb is built on octagonal plane having ornamental domed kiosks which were once covered in colored glazed tile work. A stone bridge connects the tomb with the land. A vast structure offers magnificent view of the great architecture with scenic beauty.
Other places to visit :
- The fort of Sher Shah Suri at Rohtasgarh is roughly 38 kilometer from Sasaram. The 7th Century fort was originally built by Raja Harishchandra in the name of his son Rohitashwa. The palaces named as Rang Mahal, Shish Mahal and Phool Mahal are the chief attraction inside the fort. It has several temples and mosques belonging to different period of time. The fort is located on the top of a hill at a height of 1500 feet, giving it a strategic location to the defending army. The fort's length is 4 mile from east to west and 5 mile from north to south.
- Sasharam has a very famous temple dedicated to Maa Tara Chandi (a form of goddess Kali). Thousands of devotees come here during festive season.
- The two waterfalls which add to Sasaram's scenic beauty are the Manjhar Kund and Dhua Kund.
- The minor rock edict of Ashoka is situated close to the mausoleum, on the edge of Kaimur hill ( Chandan Shahid) in a rock cut cave. The inscription, written in Brahmani script dates back to the 3rd century BC.
- The tomb of Hasan Khan, father of Sher Shah is situated about half a kilometer from the mausoleum of Sher Shah.
How to Reach:
Sasaram is situated on the Grand Trunk Road (NH-2). Therefore it is easily reachable from Kolkata or Delhi by road. It also has a railway station which is on Grand Chord, connecting Kolkata to Delhi. It is roughly 100 km from Varanashi and Bodhgaya. The nearest airport is Patna (160 km ) and Bodh Gaya (100 km).