Kesaria Stupa is the World's largest Buddhist Stupa, situated 110 km from Patna in the district of Champaran (East). This remarkable structure was discovered by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1998. The Stupa, dedicated to Lord Buddha has great significance.
It is believed that this Stupa was built by Lichhivis to commemorate the end-life of Lord Buddha. The estimated time of construction of this structure has been put in between 200 AD and 750 AD. Having circumference of about 1400 ft, the height of this Stupa now stands at 104 ft, that is one feet taller than the Borobodur Stupa in Java. According to ASI, the original height was 150 feet, however continuous erosion had reduced it to 123 feet. But the devastating earthquake of 1934 which rocked North Bihar further reduced its height. The Stupa has six floors which are clearly visible. There are many statue of Lord Buddha in Bhoomi Sparsa Mudra and other sitting positions, built using soil and pebbles. There is terrace with Pradakshina Path. The excavation has led to finding of numerous objects like coins, arrow heads, copper and terracotta items, earthen lamps, decorated bricks and many more. The finding of this structure has been a great success for ASI. There are many things still to be unearthed from the Stupa and the nearby places, which will throw more light on the life and tradition of that age.
How to reach : Kesaria is well connected by roads from Patna. The nearest airport is also Patna airport. The nearest rail head is Chakia, on the broad-gauge between Kolkata and Delhi.
Where to Stay : Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation (BSTDC) has circuit house, where one can stay, given the availability. However, one can also stay at Patna, where hotels of all type are present.