Kawar lake Bird Sanctuary is situated at about 120 km East of Patna in the Begusarai district. It is the only lake in Bihar which has been designated as a wetland of National importance by the Government of India. This lake is of great ecological importance for the surrounding area and it provides ample economic activities through fishing and it is also the biggest source of irrigation. It is also one of the the largest freshwater lake in South Asia and around the three times of famous Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Rajasthan. However, the over exploitation of the lake resources coupled with the bird poaching has severely casted shadow over its existence in the recent years.
The lake is spread in an area of 7,400 hectare, hosting a variety of birds, which include a large number of migratory birds, and many flora and fauna species. As per the estimate there are 106 varieties of resident birds and 59 species of migratory birds who comes on every winter. The lake was declared a protected area in 1986 and it has also been declared as an Important Bird Area (IBA) site of Bihar. An area of 66.13 sq. km. of the lake was declared as a protected area by the government of Bihar in June 1989.
Birds like Oriental White-backed Vulture, Long-billed Vulture, Greater Adjutant, Greater Spotted Eagle, Lesser Kestrel, Sarus Crane, Painted Stork etc can be spotted hovering over the lake. Beside a wide variety of ducks, geese, cormorants, Asian open bills, waterfowls etc. are easily visible. Presence of large variety of flora and fauna adds charm to the lake. It also boast of as many as 41 varieties of fish.
The Kawar lake has not been popular on the tourist map due to lack of awareness about it. However, the natural beauty of lake is enough to attract visitor of any kind, specially the vivid bird-watchers, ornithologists, and photographer. The lake comes to full bloom during winter season when the migratory birds visits for nesting. During recent time, it has witnessed increased bird poaching and uncontrolled use of its water, causing a shadow on the conservation effort of the lake. One must visit the place to witness the beauty of the lake.
How to Reach :
The Kawar lake is situated 22 km North West of Begusarai town. Begusarai is easily reachable by road and railways. It is a railway station on Barauni-Katihar section of East Central railways, on the route between New Delhi and Guwahati. The town is well connected by NH 28.
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