The local transport of Patna is easily available during the day time, however during late night there may be problem. There is plenty of options to move around the city and visit its various places at an affordable price. The fare is relatively low. The various modes of transportation in the city are as follow:
Autorickshaws : This three/four wheeled vehicle is the most popular mode of transportation. In three wheeled auto, called "Tempu" in local language, the driver sits in front and three passengers sits behind. However, its common to see two more passengers sitting adjacent to driver in front in specially customized seat. Generally, colored in black and yellow, the fare is less and comparable. The autos in these modes are called 'Shared Autos', because each passenger shares the cost of destination which is generally fixed. This model is a specialty of the city, now being followed in other cities also. It travels for lesser distances. It can also be hired, but prior knowledge of fare to the destination is important because of high bargain that generally happens. The four wheeled autos, called "Vikram" in local language, and painted in white and yellow, is bigger having capacity to accommodate 7 people beside driver ( 3 each in two seats behind and 1 besides driver). However in reality, there are 8 people in the back and 2-3 in the front. It travels for longer distances. It is seen on Bailey road connecting Patna Junction to Danapur, and the vehicle going to outskirt of the cities. The fare is lower than 3-wheeled autos. It is generally not hired until there are lot of luggage and people or both.
Ricksaws : This mode is applicable when there is relatively lesser distance to cover or where autos do not ply. It is a three wheeled pedal driven vehicle on which 2-3 people can sit. Rickshaws can be seen and found throughout the city. The fare is relatively higher because of the human effort. Again for bargaining, prior knowledge of fare to the destination is necessary. Its advisable to fix the fare before boarding on rickshaw as it would avoid scuffle at the destination.
Buses : City buses ply between the important destinations. These are mid size buses having seats for 25-30 people. However, the space is quite congested and its suffocative inside. Moreover, city buses generally runs with almost double of its passenger capacity. The condition of buses are also not in good condition. Its better to avoid it. Government has planned to introduce low flooring city buses on the model of the metros and bigger cities. The City buses ply on these routes :
- Patna Junction - Frazer Road - Gandhi Maidan - Engineering College
- Kankarbagh - Patna Junction - Exhibition Road - Gandhi Maidan - Engineering College
- Patna Junction - Anishabad - Khagaul
- Patna Junction - Bailey Road - Danapur
- Patna Junction - Rajvanshi Nagar - Patel Nagar
- Patna Junction - Boring Road - Kurji More
- Gandhi Maidan - Rajapur Pul - Danapur
- Nandlal Chapra - Bus Stand
Taxis : These are pre-hired vehicles which comes in different model. The concept of organized Taxi groups are relatively new in the city. However, different kind of vehicles are easily available. The fare is based on the distance covered or the time taken. It is a good option for the people coming for city tour. Hotels also provide vehicles for visiting city and adjoining areas.
Private vehicle plays an important role in the city traffic. Motor bikes are commonly seen in the city, so does the bicycle. There is also local train plying between Patna and Digha, however this is mainly used by the local people coming to the city and small vendors. Government has plan for Mono rails or metro in the city, but it is still in planning stage. The traffic rules are not followed properly like any other Indian city. All the vehicles, belonging to various models, compete with each other. This may be best described as "Chaotic".
Patna Metro Rail : The State Government has initiated ambitious project of having a metro rail system in the city. The project is already in advanced stage. The ground work will start during the first half of 2014. The first phase is expected to be completed and functional by 2016.