Wrapped in the rich history of more than 2000 years of continuous civilization, Patna is one of the oldest surviving cities of the world. Though very few remains of the earlier civilization has survived to this date, albeit in a different form, yet the existence of submerged artifacts beneath the modern city remains an indicator of the once powerful kingdoms that existed over this land. The findings of Mauryan remains, including wooden palisades, from Kumhrar, Bulandibagh, Didarganj and other localities of the City during excavation taken in the early and later 20th century brought about the facts which has existed only on papers by that time. The limestone pillar of the once 80-pillared hall of the Mauryan age, displayed in Kumhrar Park is worth watching and appreciating. The famous historical places in Patna are -
- Kumhrar Park
Kumhrar Park is the place where the Mauryan era 80-Pillared Hall (3rd Cent BC) and Dhanvantri's Arogyashala (4-5th Century AD) has been excavated. Today a beautiful park stand here, and one of the pillar has been put on display. The small museum in the park has some good photographs of the excavation undertaken in around Patna.
The beehive shaped structure which was constructed in 18th Century for storing food has now become the symbol of the City. One can enjoy the view of the City and the river Ganges from the top, which can be reached through a winding staircase. Light and Sound show is undertaken in the evening with Golghar in background.
- Patna Museum
Since 1917, this museum has come a long way in establishing itself as one of the important museum in the Country, courtesy its rich and rare collection of artifacts, including the famed Didarganj yakshi and the Sacred relics of Lord Buddha.
- Agam Kuan
Agam Kuan has been identified as the Ashokan era torture well, where the prisoners and enemy were tortured. The practice has been cited by Chinese Scholar of 5th and 7th Century CE also. A temple of Shitala Mata stands beside it, and is visited by lot of people.
- Kamaldah Jain Temple Complex
The Kamaldah Jain Temple Complex is the oldest Jain temples in Patna. It is said that its history goes back to the times of Mauryas and beyond (c. 2nd-3rd BCE). It was here where the first evidence of Patna being the ancient Pataliputra was found in the 19th Century.
- Begum Hajjam Mosque
This Mosque is considered to be the oldest mosque in the city, dating back to early 16th Century AD.
- Padri Ki Haveli
This is the oldest church in Bihar. It was built in 1713 AD, and went under major renovation later. Mother Teresa stayed here for some time. The room she stayed is still well preserved.
- Patna College
Visit this historical college built during the Colonial era in 1863 AD. It has old buildings and Ewbank Shed running throughout the campus. Darbhanga House, Wheeler Senate Hall etc. offers a good glimpse of the architecture of that period.
- Jalan Museum
This is a private museum housed in Qila House, an architectural building of the early 20th Century, beside the river Ganges. It has many rare collection of object and has hosted a lot of dignitaries. However, one should take permission before visiting it.