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Shaheed Smarak or Martyr's Memorial at Patna is life size bronze statue of seven brave men carrying the Congress flag to hoist on the top of Old Secretariat building during the 1942 Quit India movement. The architectural marvel, by the sculptor Debi Prasad Roy Chaudhary, shows the brave men, one carrying the flag and other six falling to bullets or about to fall, to the bullets of the British police, but still marching ahead with pride and determination and holding the flag in the front. This masterpiece with the historical and national background , makes this a special landmark of the city.
It was on the 8th August 1942, when Mahatma Gandhi called for 'Quit India Movement' or 'August Kranti' across the Nation during the Bombay Session of Congress. All the National leaders were arrested on the same day. However Dr. Rajendra Prasad, being ill was arrested in Patna from Sadaqat Ashram on 11th August. The news of his arrest spread in the city like a wild fire and automatically all educational institutions were closed. 5000 odd men and women moved towards Secretariat shouting slogans. The seven brave student, belonging to the different schools and colleges, decided to hoist the Congress flag on top of the old Secretariat, the epicenter of power during British Raj. But the Gurkha Military Police (GMP) soldiers started indiscriminate firing on the proceeding group, when all efforts to persuade the people by the then District Magistrate of Patna, WG Archer felled. One by one, the brave men fell to the bullet, but there determination arose the region. Such a bravery act gave great impetus to the movement in the region. As the news of event happening in Patna reached in other part of the state, towns and cities were shut down and the government offices were attacked. For some time, there was no government in the province. An unprecedented police crackdown on law-breakers followed. At one time, Viceroy Linlithgow, in his telegram to the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, compared the rebellion to "the mutiny of 1857 in gravity and extent". The Government had also planned to air-bomb Kadamkuan area of the State Capital, the epicenter of agitations, but was persuaded by a top official who threatened to quit if the Britishers went ahead with their plan to air-bomb civilian areas.
The Martyr's are:
- Umakant Prasad Sinha - Ram Mohan Roy Seminary, class XI
- Ramanand Singh - Ram Mohan Roy Seminary, class XI
- Satish Prasad Jha - Patna Collegiate School, class XI
- Jagatpati Kumar - Bihar National College, 2nd year
- Devi Pado Choudhry - Miller High English School, class IX
- Rajendra Singh - Patna High English School, class X
- Ramgovind Singh - Punpun High English School, class X
After independence, the governor of Bihar, Jairam Das Daulatram laid the foundation stone of the Shaheed Smarak outside the eastern flank of old Secretariat, the place where the seven brave-hearts were gunned down. A special emissary was sent to Madras by Chief Minister SriKrishna Sinha to consult Debi Prasad Roy Choudhary, the then Principal of Government School of Arts, Madras. After much deliberation, the current statue was finalized. It was cast and sculpted in Italy in bronze. It was inaugurated by the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad on October 24, 1956. Later, as a mark of extension to the Martyrs’ Memorial, an adjacent park (near the Eastern gate of Vidhan Sabha), called Amar Jyoti, came up on August 11, 1997, coinciding with the silver jubilee celebrations of country’s Independence.
A commemorative stamp issued by the Department of Post, India on
The Shaheed Smarak, highlighting the role of young martyrs during
1942 Quit India movement.
How to reach : This place is easily reachable by autos & cabs.
Patna Junction ~ 2 km
Airport ~ 6 km
Mithapur Bus Stand ~ 6 km
Nearby Places :
State Assembly - ~25 m